The brain: power or ball?

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<p>Here is an equivocal title to mark the spirits. The brain is an incredible machine that is more than useless. If only to govern the functioning of our entire body. So why did you choose to write an article with such a title? Because the brain also includes a non-negligible part of operating systems that we <strong>slowing.</strong></p>
<h2>The brain this awesome tool that manages the "automatic" mode of our lives</h2>
<p>To sum up, the brain is made up of several large parts</p>
<h3>The forebrain</h3>
<li>The brain under the control of both cerebral hemispheres. This part manages all the conscious part and the voluntary behavior: to feel, to anticipate, to anticipate, to have understanding. It is composed of a left hemisphere and a right hemisphere. These two hemispheres communicate with each other by <strong>callous body</strong> (network of nerves).</li>
<li>The cerebral cortex also called gray matter. This part of the brain is itself separated into several zones.
<li>The frontal lobe: creates and coordinates the <strong>movements and cognitive tasks</strong> : problem solving, thinking, planning, personality</li>
<li>The parietal manages information related to <strong>displacement in space as well as attention, language, processes related to meaning</strong></li>
<li>The occipital manages the information <strong>visual</strong> and what is related to the understanding of shapes and all that is related to colors</li>
<li>The temporal: intervenes in the encoding of information related to<strong> hearing and managing other information connected to the senses</strong></li>
<li>The limbic brain or emotional brain composed of<strong> the amygdala, the center of emotions</strong></li>
<li>The forebrain composed of brain nuclei, basal ganglia,<strong> the thalamus and the hypohalamus.</strong> The basal ganglia help to coordinate movements and attitudes related to the reward. The thalamus manages the sensory information that goes back to the cortex and the hypothalamus is the center of appetite, defense reflexes of reproductive instinct and sleep / wake distribution.</li>
<h3>The midbrain</h3>
<p>Plays a decisive role in the visual and auditory reflexes and in the transfer of information to the <strong>thalamus</strong> as well as in the mechanisms that manage the reactions related to <strong>rewards</strong> and also <strong>mood.</strong></p>
<h3>The cerebellum or reptilian brain</h3>
<p>It's the whole part of the brain that deals with <strong>vital functions related to survival</strong> : control of the respiratory rhythm, cardiac activity, temperature, blood circulation, <strong>digestion</strong> in direct contact with the intestines by the vagus nerve, glucose level. This part of our brain produces all the defense reflexes triggered by <strong>information lived or felt</strong> like dangers of death. Survival reflexes triggering movements of flight or attack.</p>
<p>These three main centers are composed of sub-parts which themselves break down into sub-part etc … What is interesting to know is that these three parts are dependent on each other. That each has its role and that each impacts the other with more or less importance.</p>
<p>We now know roughly that the brain has about 100 billion neurons that can each perform about 10,000 connections. Nice in terms of gigantism! It should be known that there is also a very<strong> large amount of neurons in the intestines, an estimated between 200 million and 500 million</strong> and that this is where the greatest number of neurotransmitters (transmitters of information of any kind) are to be found.</p>
<h3>The role of the spinal cord</h3>
<p>The spinal cord is actually a kind of "elongation" of the brain that connects to our spine. The spinal cord acts as a transmitter of data. It produces the reflexes, the information related to the pain, and the contacts with the nerves in charge of all that is of muscular order, digestive under control of the encephalon.</p>
<p>All these parts constitute the technical and physiological aspects of <strong>brain</strong> himself. Beyond are the consequences generated by the <strong>emotions</strong>. Discoveries around the importance of their impact are fairly recent and raise more and more questions about the very origin of our<strong> operating modes.</strong> More and more studies and scientific experiments claim that we are above all emotional and not rational beings.</p>
<h2>The brain, this bullet that oppresses us and conditions us</h2>
<p>Beyond the "conventional" functioning and the knowledge known since always lie the discoveries related to the neurosciences.And in particular the questions posed by the role that our senses play on our emotions and how these two vectors influence our choices, our habits and our destiny. Neuroscience shows, among other things, how hormones occur and how emotions are the most effective way to develop memory.</p>
<h3>A society of instant, pleasure and emotion?</h3>
<p>The questions posed by these discoveries show how the solicitation of certain parts of our brains condition and influence our habits of life, consumption, work, food … Living in emotional immediacy, the fear of attacks, unemployment and problems of the future make us miss our lives. Fear focuses our primary aspirations on a need for security and not fulfillment of our lives.</p>
<p>It is critical to differentiate between how pleasure and happiness patterns work. Why ? Because according to Professor Robert Lustig, we now know that soliciting the production of dopamine (pleasure hormone) can be interpreted as a leak knowing that this leak limits production. <strong>of serotonin that is right</strong> <strong>the hormone <em>happiness</em>.</strong></p>
<p>I propose to expose to you what Dr. Lustig neuroendocrinologist, famous for his work on sugar addiction, asserts. Why am I talking to you about this? Because our problematic search for happiness is lurking behind our search for <strong>pleasure. While that has nothing to do. </strong></p>
<h2>Opposition between pleasure and happiness</h2>
<p>Solicitations related to sugar, social networks, compulsive purchases, video games, drugs, pornography, obscure the production of the hormone of happiness. For the moment, according to Dr. Robert Lustig, we <strong>confound</strong> the notion of happiness and that of <strong>pleasure</strong>. Many people make this amalgam. In his latest book, Dr. Lustig differentiates in a very fair way happiness and pleasure. For him,<strong> pleasure is instinctive, short-lived material and personal.</strong> Pushed to the extreme, he leads right to<strong> addiction</strong> both in terms of <strong>substances</strong> or <strong>behaviours</strong>. In contrast <strong>happiness</strong> is of <strong>long-lasting, spiritual, related to social interactions.</strong> It's a simple way to be one with the world. <strong>For Robert Lustig the quest for pleasure hampers the pursuit of happiness.</strong> And the reason is just scientific!</p>
<h2>Dopamine or Serotonin?</h2>
<p>Pleasures trigger the <strong>dopamine</strong>which excites the neurons. These same <strong>neurons</strong>, when they are too <strong>overexcited</strong> tend to <strong>destroy</strong> and to die. Dopamine triggers and stimulates "the reward circuit" but can develop addictions. This is why you always need a bigger dose to have the same effect because there are fewer and fewer receivers to use. So you need more, more, more … It's called intolerance, it's exactly where the addiction starts.</p>
<p>The <strong>serotonin</strong> as for her is responsible for the feeling of <strong>contentment and fullness.</strong> Unlike dopamine, serotonin does not hinge or destroy the neurons. <strong>Serotonin is an inhibitor</strong> unlike dopamine which is an exciting. It slows the neurons instead of stimulating them. You can not overdose your serotonin neurons.</p>
<p><strong>Problem: The more dopamine you create, the lower your serotonin level.</strong> To summarize, the more fun you seek, the more unhappy you are.</p>
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What to do after this observation?

  1. The goal is to become aware of the automatic processes that our brain uses. .
  2. Limit addictive behavioral, dietary, or sports foods.
  3. Refocus on the truth about what made us happy, when, and under what circumstances.

Is the purpose of life not to appropriate it in the noble sense and to reconnect with what makes us happy ? Often the simplest things are the ones that give us the greatest good. For this, we must cut some habits and / or practices to realize that we miss the point.

Use your emotions: emotional intelligence

The emotions we know from now on are present inside ourselves. Each emotion has a power of impact on the memories elaborated automatically by our brain. Too often these memories are stored without our knowledge. Images, sounds, scents, sensations of touch and taste are the most powerful memory information. The more intense the emotions, the more they mark our brain through tonsil.

Imagine if we had the ability to erase traumatic memories as a menu we would have available from which we could choose what we keep or not!

Thus, all this stock of reactions rooted and present in our muscles and tissues are part of us. This amalgam, a real knot composed of layers that accumulate over time, is the very basis of reactions ready to play their role of protection at any time. The new situations, encounters, environments that our brain interprets as identical to these memories will instantly reactivate the etched emotions.

The goal for our brain: to survive!

The only mission for our brain: not to relive the previous situation. His understanding has created a sense of danger or even danger of death (depending on the age at which the initial scene took place), this procedure is right but has its limits. The brain will systematically trigger its survival mode because it is just designed for that. By doing so, it only promotes these situations since it is blocked on the initial emotion. The worst thing is that all reactions born of these memoirs are totally unconscious. The survival process then takes hold. It does not need to go through the cortex (brain of thought and reason). The reaction is automatic. Imagine being attacked by a lion! At the same time, have you seen a lot lately?

What are the issues of emotional intelligence?

The issues are to raise awareness of this famous process of survival in order to use it only wisely. It is necessary for this to begin a process of awareness of the feelings of the body, of our intuition, and to set up a vigilant inner attitude. The goal is to appropriate our emotional states so that we do not suffer them anymore. Then make it a strength because this awareness and vigilance will then become real assets. The idea is to get out of the caricature that there would only exist 5 emotions: anger, joy, fear, sadness, anxiety.

In fact there is a whole vocabulary much more precise and adapted. This will help to understand that there is a real variable level of emotional intensity. Measuring our feelings allows us to better understand ourselves and to come to terms with the belief that we can not change anything. On the contrary, we now know that everything is possible. This consists in playing on the notion of plasticity of the brain by recreating neural networks and thus new automatisms.

Work the conscience

There are actually 5 emotions primary, and emotions secondary dependent on their root emotion. All divided into two poles, one negative and the other positive.

Example with anger: there are a lot of secondary emotions related to anger. Annoyance, hatred, rage, revenge, fury, revolt, exasperation, irritation, violence … The game consists of listening to your feelings to make the right diagnosis. Thus, we will create new neural patterns to get out of our emotional submission.

The role of the intestines in the creation and management of emotions

For several years, results of analyzes and scientific experiments demonstrate the presence of a neural network in our intestines. It is the doctor Michaël Gershon who is at the origin of these discoveries. The results of his work have highlighted the role played by this neural network intestinal was in direct contact with the base of the skull. This process drives messages to the brain through the pituitary and hypothalamus. This exchange of informational signals determines our state of mind and mood and has a preponderant effect on disease management in the body.

According to Emeran Mayer, another specialist in the subject, our enteric brain plays a major role in our emotional well-being. It impacts our mood and our instincts just as much. According to him, most of our emotions are conveyed by a nervous network present in the intestine.This demonstrates that our mood has a close connection with our physiology. Anxiety, stress, nervousness lead to information exchanges between our state of mind and our stomach. These exchanges constitute a link that can favor the appearance of certain diseases.

Promising knowledge to understand us and know what we need to do to live better and happier.

stephane dabas

By Stéphane Dabas of the blog the festival of well-being

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